Experiencing floods can have devastating results and effects of the economy, environment, and people. In the following article, we will focus on the damage caused by floods.
Economic problems caused by floods
Floods usually cause major damage to the economy, especially flash floods. Floods usually destroy infrastructures such as roads and bridges. It can also cause sizable damage to farms and houses by carrying away properties. It also causes damage to automobiles and vehicles leading to rusting. People become homeless and have to seek alternative housing, thereby incurring further costs. The government also has to deploy firemen, police and offer other emergency services to help those affected by the floods. It will take years for those affected by floods to re-build the damaged structures and for businesses to resume back to normalcy.
Environmental damages associated with floods
Floods also cause environmental damages. This damage can be as a result of the following. Floods will carry chemicals and toxins. This usually ends up in the water bodies that floods end up in. This affects the aqua life in these water bodies. A flood also uproots plants and trees, destroying the soil cover, not to mention that it causes erosion. Floods can also lead to leakage in nuclear plants and lead to radiation in the surrounding areas. Flooding also kills animals and other insects found in our ecosystem. Floods can also introduce new animals or insects in the affected areas. Thereby distorting the natural balance of the ecosystem.
Damages caused by floods to people and animals
Flash floods usually lead to deaths. These are usually to people and animals. It also causes injuries and leaves people homeless. Floods also destroy the water lines and electricity line. This means that the residents have to stay without these services for some time. Floods also lead to diseases and infections which are directly associated with the floods or its aftermath. These diseases include pneumonia fever, cholera outbreaks, military fever, and dysentery. Not to mention that flood water acts as a breeding place for mosquitoes that spreads malaria. Floods also make it easy for poisonous insects and snakes to get into our homes leading to great havoc.
Flood victims usually experience hardship in coping with their current situation. They will experience the anxiety of the unknown. They will also be stressed and depressed with thoughts of where to start. These changes in one’s emotions interfere with family relationships, causes trouble sleeping and can lead to other health problems such as ulcers. This explains why we have mental health professionals at flood rescue camps. They usually help people to come to terms with these emotional changes.
Positive results of floods
Not all is lost. Floods also have something good, especially those that occur on floodplains and farm fields. These floods carry with them a lot of nutrients that are deposited on the plains. This makes the plains fertile thereby boosting farming activities.