If your basement gets damp when the April showers and often drops every now and then you should consider making your basement waterproof and installing an efficient drainage system in the house.
A wet basement can be a house for mold and bacteria growth, which may cause several health problems. Moreover, it can lead to water damage in the house which can destroy the internal structure of the house and result in rotting of the material. The wet basement is quite common in older houses. Therefore, waterproofing is needed in the basement to protect the house from water damage.
Steps to Waterproof the Basement:
Below are listed the steps to waterproof the basement of your house:
Create a slope away from the foundation:
You need to make sure that the water does not seep into the foundation of your house and to do that you need to create a slope that moves away from the foundation. The slop should be at least 6 inches away for the first 10 feet of the foundation. The backfilled dirt usually gets settled on the ground, lowering the foundation, creating an area for water accumulation around the foundation which you don’t need. You can avoid that by adding dirt to create for about 2 inches per foot slope around the foundation which may cover any future rotting.
Make sure to clean your gutters:
The gutters of your house are needed to be cleaned and the downspouts should be discharging water properly and at a reasonable distance away from the foundation of your house to avoid any water problems in the basement.
Keep the plantings away from the foundation:
The rotted plants and roots around the foundation of your house create a path for the water to flow down and cause problems. In order to avoid this problem, keep the shrubs and other plants at least 12 inches away from the foundation of the house to keep the water away from it.
Keep your walls waterproof:
Waterproof walls mean waterproof basement as much of the water comes from leaking pipes in the walls. You can waterproof the walls of your house by using products like Drylok or Xypex both can seal intermittent leaks. Xypex is usually 2 to 4 times more expensive than Drylok so if you are running short on a budget then go for Drylok to seal your walls.
Repair the defects in the concrete walls:
A crack in the concrete wall is a potential source of water and can also be sealed with Drylok. An injection of construction-grade epoxy is also great for sealing cracks in the concrete walls. You should rely on a professional crack repair technician to do the task as the do it yourself kits are not very reliable options.
Install a sump pump:
A sump pump is extremely important for kicking out the rising levels of water in the basement. The sump keeps a check on the water levels and when the water gets too high, it is pumped outside the house. It is best to keep the basement waterproof. Installing a sump pump requires experience and you may need the services of a technician.